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Peggy Guggenheim Collection

The Peggy Guggenheim museum, as seen from the Grand Canal

The Peggy Guggenheim Collection is a modern art museum on the Grand Canal in the Dorsoduro sestiere of Venice, Italy. It is one of the most visited attractions in Venice. The collection is housed in the Palazzo Venier dei Leoni, an 18th-century palace, which was the home of the American heiress Peggy Guggenheim for three decades. She began displaying her private collection of modern artworks to the public seasonally in 1951. After her death in 1979, it passed to the Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation, which eventually opened the collection year-round.

The collection includes works of prominent Italian futurists and American modernists working in such genres as Cubism, Surrealism and Abstract expressionism. It also includes sculptural works.


  • Collection 1
  • Building and Venice Biennale 2
  • Management and attendance 3
  • 2014 lawsuit 4
  • Selected works 5
  • See also 6
  • Notes 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9


The collection is principally based on the personal art collection of Peggy Guggenheim, a former wife of artist Max Ernst and a niece of the mining magnate, Solomon R. Guggenheim. She collected the artworks mostly between 1938 and 1946, buying works in Europe "in dizzying succession" as World War II began, and later in America, where she discovered the talent of Jackson Pollock, among others.[1] The museum "houses an impressive selection of modern art. Its picturesque setting and well-respected collection attract some 400,000 visitors per year",[1] making it "the most-visited site in Venice after the Doge's Palace".[2] Works on display include those of prominent Italian futurists and American modernists. Pieces in the collection embrace Cubism, Surrealism and Abstract expressionism.[3] During Peggy Guggenheim's 30-year residence in Venice, her collection was seen at her home in the Palazzo Venier dei Leoni and at special exhibitions in Amsterdam (1950), Zurich (1951), London (1964), Stockholm (1966), Copenhagen (1966), New York (1969) and Paris (1974).[4]

Peggy Guggenheim, Marseille, 1937

Among the artists represented in the collection are, from Italy, Braque (The Clarinet), Metzinger (Au Vélodrome), Gleizes (Woman with animals), Duchamp (Sad Young Man on a Train), Léger (Study of a Nude and Men in the City [5]) Picabia (Very Rare Picture on Earth); from Spain, Dalí (Birth of Liquid Desires), Miró (Seated Woman II) and Picasso (The Poet, On the Beach); from other European countries, Brâncuși (including a sculpture from the Bird in Space series), Max Ernst (The Kiss, Attirement of the Bride), Giacometti (Woman with Her Throat Cut, Woman Walking), Gorky (Untitled), Kandinsky (Landscape with Red Spots, No. 2, White Cross), Klee (Magic Garden), Magritte (Empire of Light) and Mondrian (Composition No. 1 with Grey and Red 1938, Composition with Red 1939); and from the US, Calder (Arc of Petals) and Pollock (The Moon Woman, Alchemy).[3] In one room, the museum also exhibits a few paintings by Peggy's daughter Pegeen Vail Guggenheim.[6]

In addition to the permanent collection, the museum houses 26 works on long-term loan from the Gianni Mattioli Collection, including images of Italian futurism by artists including Boccioni (Materia, Dynamism of a Cyclist), Carrà (Interventionist Demonstration), Russolo (The Solidity of Fog) and Severini (Blue Dancer), as well as works by Balla, Depero, Rosai, Sironi and Soffici.[3] In 2012, the museum received 83 works from the Rudolph and Hannelore Schulhof Collection, which has its own gallery within in the building.[7][8]

Building and Venice Biennale

Entrance to Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Palazzo Venier dei Leoni

The collection is housed in the Palazzo Venier dei Leoni, which Peggy Guggenheim purchased in 1949.[1] Although sometimes mistaken for a modern building,[9] it is an 18th-century palace designed by the Venetian architect Lorenzo Boschetti.[10] The building was unfinished, and has an unusually low elevation on the Grand Canal. The museum's website describes it thus:

Palazzo Venier dei Leoni's long low façade, made of Istrian stone and set off against the trees in the garden behind that soften its lines, forms a welcome "caesura" in the stately march of Grand Canal palaces from the Accademia to the Salute.[11]

The palazzo was Peggy Guggenheim's home for thirty years.[10] In 1951, the palazzo, its garden, now called the Nasher Sculpture Garden, and her art collection were opened to the public from April to October for viewing.[12] Her collection at the palazzo remained open during the summers until her death in Camposampiero, northern Italy, in 1979; she had donated the palazzo and the 300-piece collection to the Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation in 1976.[1][13] The foundation, then under the direction of Peter Lawson-Johnston, took control of the palazzo and the collection in 1979[14] and re-opened the collection there in April 1980 as the Peggy Guggenheim Collection.

After the Foundation took control of the building in 1979, it took steps to expand gallery space; by 1985, "all of the rooms on the main floor had been converted into galleries ... the white

  • (Italian)— (Peggy Guggenheim Collection) websiteMuseo GuggenheimOfficial
  • Video tour of the Peggy Guggenheim Collection

External links

  • Decker, Darla (2008). Urban development, cultural clusters: The Guggenheim Museum and its global distribution strategies. New York: Dissertation Abstracts International.  
  • Lauritzen, Peter; Alexander Zielcke (1978). Palaces of Venice. New York: Viking Press.  
  • Messer, Thomas M., Introduction by Renato Nicolini (1982). Catalogue – Guggenheim Venezia-New York: sessanta opere, 1900-1950. Milan: Electa. 
  • Tacou-Rumney, Laurence. (1996). Peggy Guggenheim – a collector's album. Paris: Flammarion.  
  • Vail, Karole (1998). Peggy Guggenheim: A Celebration. New York: Guggenheim Museum.  


  1. ^ a b c d e f Walsh, John. "The Priceless Peggy Guggenheim", The Independent, October 21, 2009, accessed March 12, 2012
  2. ^ a b Penketh, Anne. "Peggy Guggenheim's family revive feud by suing foundation over art collection", The Guardian, 19 May 2014
  3. ^ a b c "Collections", Peggy Guggenheim Collection, accessed 10 March 2012
  4. ^ Decker, p. 133
  5. ^ "Fernand Léger". Museum's official website.  A third work that Guggenheim had purchased was never exhibited, as it was suspected to be a fraud. In February 2014, researchers concluded that the piece was a fake after "they detected faint signatures of Cold war-era nuclear bombs in the canvas that reveal the painting was created after Léger's death", in 1959. Gannon, Megan. "Guggenheim Painting Proven to Be a Fake",, February 6, 2014
  6. ^ "Palazzo Venier dei Leoni, 1950s", Peggy Guggenheim Collection, accessed 10 March 2012
  7. ^ Pia Catton (September 19, 2012), From a Long Island Home, Art for Many Collectors Wall Street Journal.
  8. ^ a b Ruiz, Cristina and Hannah McGivern. "Heirs of Peggy Guggenheim sue New York foundation", The Art Newspaper, 14 March 2014
  9. ^ Lauritzen and Zielcke, p. 229
  10. ^ a b Vail, p. 77
  11. ^ a b "The Palace", Peggy Guggenheim Collection, accessed 10 March 2012
  12. ^ Vail, p. 92
  13. ^ Messer (Nicolini introduction), p. 5
  14. ^ Tacou-Rumney, p. 171
  15. ^ a b c d "Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Venice", The Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation, accessed April 3, 2012
  16. ^ Decker, pp. 139–140
  17. ^ "US Pavilion". Peggy Guggenheim Collection. The Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation. Retrieved October 22, 2011. 
  18. ^ a b "Philip Rylands", Art for Business, accessed 10 March 2012
  19. ^ Carvajal, Doreen. "Peggy Guggenheim’s Kin Lose Bid to Challenge How Her Collection Is Displayed", The New York Times, September 23, 2015


See also

Selected works

Following the gift of approximately 80 works to the Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation by Hannelore and Rudolph Schulhof in 2012, some works collected by Peggy Guggenheim were removed from the Palazzo to make room for the display of the new works. The Schulhofs' names were inscribed alongside Guggenheim's at both entrances of the museum. Their son, Michael P. Schulhof, has been a trustee of the Guggenheim foundation since 2009. In 2014, seven French descendants of Peggy Guggenheim sued the foundation for violating her will and agreements with the foundation, which they said require that her collection "remain intact and on display". They also claimed that the resting place of her ashes in the gardens of the Palazzo has been desecrated by the display of sculptures nearby, among other things. The lawsuit requested that the founder's bequest be revoked or that the collections, gravesite and signage be restored.[8] Other descendants of Peggy Guggenheim supported the foundation's position.[2] In September 2015, a French appeals court dismissed the lawsuit.[19]

2014 lawsuit

Philip Rylands was appointed director of the collection in 2000.[18] As of 2012, the collection was the most visited art gallery in Venice and the 11th most visited in Italy.[18]

Management and attendance

Since 1985, the United States has selected the foundation to operate the U.S. Pavilion of the Venice Biennale, an exhibition held every other summer. In 1986, the foundation purchased the Palladian-style pavilion, built in 1930.[1][17]

[1] Since 1993, the museum has doubled in size, from 2,000 to 4,000 square meters.[16] In 2003, a new entrance and booking office opened to cope with the increasing number of visitors, which reached 350,000 in 2007.[15] A few years later, in 1999 and in 2000, the two neighboring properties were acquired.[15] In 1995, the Nasher Sculpture Garden was completed, additional exhibition rooms were added, and a café was opened.[15] In 1993, apartments adjacent to the museum were converted to a garden annex, a shop and more galleries.[11] Since 1985, the museum has been open year-round.[15]

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