World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Visual poetry

Article Id: WHEBN0000436424
Reproduction Date:

Title: Visual poetry  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Ry Nikonova, Serge Segay, Avant-garde, Johanna Drucker, Sound poetry
Collection: Graphic Poetry
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Visual poetry

Visual poetry is poetry or art in which the visual arrangement of text, images and symbols is important in conveying the intended effect of the work. Confusingly, it is sometimes referred to as concrete poetry, a term that predates visual poetry.

visual poetry

Some traditions of visual poetry were heavily influenced by Fluxus, which is usually described as being Intermedia. Intermedia work tends to blur the distinctions between different media, and visual poetry blurs the distinction between art and text. Another description of visual poetry would be multimodal visual communication. Whereas concrete poetry is still recognizable as poetry, being composed of purely typographic elements, certain types of visual poetry are much less text-dependent. The majority of visual poems incorporate text, but the text may have primarily a visual function. 'Vispo' is a common abbreviation for visual poetry.

There remains some debate regarding the distinction between concrete poetry and visual poetry. There are a number of views regarding the issue. One view is that visual poetry is synonymous with concrete poetry. A second view is that visual poetry is a type (or sub-category) of concrete poetry. A third view is that visual poetry has evolved into a visual form distinct from concrete poetry. This view is supported by work identified as visual poetry in which typographic elements are secondary to visual elements, are minimal, or in some cases are absent altogether from the work. And finally, a fourth view is that visual poetry refers to the entire history of poetry which includes visual (i.e. non-verbal) techniques, ranging from shape poems of the ancient Greek Calligrammes to contemporary digital visual poetry. This fourth view is evidenced by anthologies published in recent years, such as The Last Vispo and A Global Visuage, and the existence of separate intranational traditions such as Brazilian visual poetry, Italian poesia visiva, and the Spanish poets collected in Poesía Visual Española (Antología incompleta).


  • Authors 1
  • See also 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4


See also


  • Willard Bohn: The Aesthetics of Visual Poetry, 1914-1928. University Of Chicago Press, 1993. ISBN 978-0226063256
  • Klaus Peter Dencker, Text-Bilder. Visuelle Poesie international - von der Antike bis zur Gegenwart. DuMont-Dokumente, Köln 1972. ISBN 3-7701-0664-4
  • Klaus Peter Dencker, Optische Poesie - von den prähistorischen Schriftzeichen bis zu den digitalen Experimenten der Gegenwart (Optical Poetry. From Early Pictorial Inscriptions to Present-Day Digital Experiments. De Gruyter, Berlin/ New York 2011. ISBN 978-3-11-021503-8
  • Dick Higgins: Synesthesia and Intersenses: Intermedia. 1965, Originally published in Something Else Newsletter 1, No. 1 (Something Else Press, 1966). Also published as a chapter in Dick Higgins, Horizons, the Poetics and Theory of the Intermedia (Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois Univ. Press, 1984).
  • Litsa Spathi: Rail Track. 2008, Originally published by Fluxus Heidelberg Center, 2008
  • Crag Hill and Nico Vassilakis (editors): The Last Vispo Anthology: Visual Poetry 1998-2008. Fantagraphics, 2012. ISBN 978-1606996263

External links

  • Visual Poetry in the Avant Writing Collection at The Ohio State University Libraries
  • e-motive: Visual Poetry in the Digital Age
  • From Concrete to Visual Poetry by Klaus Peter Dencker
  • UbuWeb, which hosts a large amount of concrete poetry
  • Visual poetry of Joaquim Brustenga-Etxauri
  • The Sackner Archive of Concrete and Visual Poetry
  • The Visual Poetry Network
  • Example of Visual poetry found on today
  • Blog about Visual Poetry (regularly updated)
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from School eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.